SCI Pena Veidosa - Natura 2000 Network
The Veidosa Rock (Pena Veidosa) protected space is located at the centre of the “Dorsal Gallega”, which is the long series of mountain ranges that cut across Galicia from north to south. The space covers a total area of 2,321 hectares in the municipalities of San Cristovo de Cea and Carballedo, with the latter being part of the Ribeira Sacra geodestination.
In 2004, this natural space was declared as a Site of Community Importance (SCI) within the Natura 2000 network, and in 2014 it was designated as a Special Area of Conservation (SAC). Addition of Pena Veidosa to the Natura 2000 network was based on the importance of its flora and fauna.
In terms of flora, most of the protected space is covered by shrublands with small trees, with an abundance of heathlands and grasslands as well. Sphagnum moss it is also a prominent component of the flora. In terms of the forested areas, oak trees are the most common element.
In terms of fauna, the importance of this area is due to the presence of endangered animals, which include birds such as the northern goshawk, Dartford warbler, Eurasian sparrowhawk, and Montagu’s harrier. Other notable faunal species present here include the gold-striped salamander, European stag beetle, and various types of bats (barbastelle bat, greater mouse-eared bat, and greater horseshoe bat).
This is also a space of great geological interest, because the erosion caused by wind in the higher elevation areas has produced a landscape notable for the presence of enormous granite boulders.
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